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What Are The Most Common Types of Mental Disorders?

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Mental disorders, commonly known as mental illnesses or psychological disorders, can be defined as a wide range of behavioral or mental patterns that can impact several areas of life. It can cause distress and impairment in ones’ life, inhibiting their proper functions such as thinking, speaking, or responding to certain situations. Therefore, it is important to understand the most common types of disorders. If you or someone you know may be suffering from a mental illness, contact us today at Charles Evans Center. Our psychiatrist in Suffolk County that accepts Medicaid will develop a treatment plan that can help you find relief and find ways to cope effectively.

What Are The Most Common Disorders? 

There are many kinds of disorders that fall into different categories. Although it is not a fully comprehensive list, below are the most common types of disorders:

  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Mood Disorders 
  • Psychotic disorders 
  • Eating Disorders
  • Personality disorders

If you or a loved one are experiencing any of the symptoms described below, our psychiatrist in Suffolk County that accepts Medicaid will provide proper diagnosis and treatment that is right for you. 

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorder is an uncontrolled fear or response to certain situations or objects. It is diagnosed when a person’s response to a situation isn’t appropriate for that situation, the control of the response to that situation is missing, or the anxiety or response affects and/or interferes with normal functioning. Physical signs include panic, rapid heartbeat, or sweating. Common types of anxiety disorders include:

  • Social Anxiety disorder– Having a fear of being watched, judged, and or embarrassing themselves.

  • Panic disorder– Experiencing sudden fear or terrors when there is no real danger involved.

  • Specific phobia– Having an irrational fear of specific objects or situations. For example, fear of snakes, fear of spiders, fear of heights, etc.

Mood Disorders

 If you are experiencing a mood disorder, you may experience persistent fluctuations of sadness or extreme happiness. Your general state mood is distorted and not reflective of your current circumstances and can interfere with your ability to function daily. Common types of mood disorders include: 

  • Depression-prolonged periods of extreme sadness.

  • Bipolar disorder– shifts between extreme happiness, also known as mania, or feelings of extreme sadness, depression.

  • Cyclothymic disorder– like bipolar disorder but less extreme. 

 Psychotic Disorders

 Psychotic disorders can be described as having distorted or abnormal thinking and awareness. People who suffer from psychotic disorders experience symptoms such as delusions, false beliefs, hallucinations, and hearing sounds or seeing images that are not real. Our psychiatrist in Suffolk County that accepts Medicaid can help diagnose and treat some common types of psychotic disorders which include:

  • Schizophrenia–  A severe mental disorder that affects multiple areas such as thinking, acting, expressing emotion, and perceiving reality. People with schizophrenia have trouble doing well in society and are often withdrawn and can appear to have lost touch with reality.

  • Delusion disorder– Possessing a fixed false belief that could involve a real-life situation but isn’t true. For example, the individual could believe they have a disease or are being followed, etc. 

Eating Disorders

People who suffer from eating disorders have extreme attitudes and emotions about their weight and body image. They develop an unhealthy relationship with food and it can interfere with their nutritional needs. Common types of eating disorders include:         

  • Anorexia disorder– This involves having an extreme fear of gaining weight. People with anorexia will often diet and workout relentlessly to the brink of starvation. They will think they are overweight when in fact they are underweight and when confronted will deny there is a problem.

  • Bulimia disorder– Episodes of binge eating followed by purging (vomiting) or fasting, or over-exercising to make up for overeating. People with bulimia will have normal weight but will see themselves as “fat” or overweight and often have feelings of disgust or shame with themselves. 

 Personality Disorders

 People with personality disorders have traits that are extreme and inflexible. They cause stress and problems at work, school, and relationships. Their behaviors are viewed as or perceived to be different from societal norms and expectations and they can interfere with normal functions of daily living. Common types include:

  • Antisocial personality disorder– Having a disregard of social norms, rules, expectations, and the right to others. Lacking empathy for others and remorse for their destructive behaviors.

  • Narcissistic personality disorder– Having a pattern of extreme or exaggerated self-image and self-centeredness. Tend to be more interested in themselves than others.

  • Borderline personality disorder–  Unstable moods and emotions that affect relationships, behavior, and self-image. People with borderline tend to have intense relationships with their loved ones, followed by unpredictable mood swings, and impulsive behaviors. 

 Charles Evans Center – A Psychiatrist in Suffolk County that Accepts Medicaid

 Mental disorders can be distressing and disruptive to one’s life. Discovering ways to cope effectively and live a healthy lifestyle is crucial. That is why Charles Evans Center is here to provide high-quality comprehensive care despite a patient’s background or ability to pay. Our psychiatrist in Suffolk County that accepts Medicaid will develop an individualized treatment plan that will help you relieve symptoms and cope effectively.

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